Albania

Albania

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ODIHR Legal Reviews, Assessments

Variety of useful resources and tools prepared by ODIHR to support legal reform in OSCE participating States. It includes legal reviews of draft and exisiting national legislation and assessments of legislative process.

Opinions

2018-10-22

L’avis juridique porte sur le projet de loi sur l'initiative législative des citoyens de la République d'Albanie. En général, le BIDDH et la Commission de Venise apprécient les efforts de l’Albanie pour adopter une législation sur l’initiative législative citoyenne afin de mettre en œuvre une disposition de la Constitution albanaise, ainsi que les obligations du droit international. L’initiative législative citoyenne et la pétition sont des instruments caractéristiques des Constitutions de nombreux pays visés à impliquer directement le peuple dans le processus législatif national, et peuvent ainsi être qualifiés d’instruments de démocratie directe. Cependant, afin d’améliorer encore la conformité de ce projet de loi aux normes internationales en matière de droits de l'homme et aux engagements de l'OSCE, quelques recommandations sont proposées. En outre, les parties prenantes concernées sont encouragées à veiller à que le projet de loi fasse l'objet d’un vaste processus de consultation tout au long de son élaboration et de son adoption, afin de garantir un processus ouvert et transparent, et ainsi accroître la confiance dans la législation adoptée et dans les institutions étatiques en général.

2018-10-22

Summary: The scope of this Opinion focuses on the draft law on the legislative initiative of the citizens of the Republic of Albania. In general, ODIHR and the Venice Commission welcome Albania’s efforts to adopt legislation on the legislative initiative of citizens in order to implement the related provision of the Constitution, as well international obligations. The citizens’ legislative initiative and the petition are the typical instruments provided by many Constitutions with the aim of directly involving the people in the country’s decision-making process, and could therefore be called instruments of direct democracy. However, in order to further improve the compliance of this draft law with international human rights obligations and OSCE commitments, a number of recommendations have been extended. In addition, relevant stakeholders were encouraged to ensure that the draft law undergoes extensive consultation processes throughout the drafting and adoption process, to ensure an open and transparent process, and thereby increase confidence and trust in the adopted legislation, and in the relevant state institutions in general. 

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Legislation

Constitution

Variety of useful resources and tools prepared by ODIHR to support legal reform in OSCE participating States. It includes legal reviews of draft and exisiting national legislation and assessments of legislative process.

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Legislation

Criminal codes

National legislative acts on a range of human dimension issues. It offers access to full-text documents, as well as summaries of and excerpts from national constitutions, primary and secondary legislation and case-law from across the OSCE region.

Legislation

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National legislative acts on a range of human dimension issues. It offers access to full-text documents, as well as summaries of and excerpts from national constitutions, primary and secondary legislation and case-law from across the OSCE region.

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International standards

National legislative acts on a range of human dimension issues. It offers access to full-text documents, as well as summaries of and excerpts from national constitutions, primary and secondary legislation and case-law from across the OSCE region.

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Case law subline. Status of Ratification of the Main International Human Rights Treaties, Conventions and other instruments. International Case-law for selected topics.

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