The discrepancy of estimated, known and prosecuted trafficking cases is enormous. For years victims support groups have been calling for the application of more intelligence based investigation techniques rather than solely relying on victim testimonies when prosecuting this serious crime. Trauma, stigmatisation and fear of authorities may influence a victim’s statement in front of police and prosecutors. A trafficked person, who decides to cooperate with law enforcement, will only be a reliable victim-witness once he or she has been granted professional assistance. This process can be largely facilitated through good cooperation between investigation bodies and service providers. It is of utmost importance that victims receive adequate protection before, during and after criminal proceedings.
Forced Labour and Human Trafficking: Casebook of Court Decisions