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Children are particularly vulnerable to exploitation. Trafficking in children follows the definition of trafficking in human beings whereas “child” means any person under eighteen years of age. However, according to the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, 2000, in cases of child trafficking the element of threat or use of force or any other abusive means does not have to occur in order to be considered as trafficking, that is, those, who recruit, transfer, transport, harbour or receive children for the purpose of exploitation are guilty of the crime of trafficking. Children have specific needs and must be afforded special protection measures.


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