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Data protection

In order to ensure a framework for confidentiality for the benefit of the victim, as well as for others involved, States should establish regulations to prevent the unauthorized transmission and publication of information entrusted by the victim. Data protection guarantees the right of the affected person to control the use of their personal data. The definition of personal data includes not only details such as name, address, date of birth, and nationality but also information about personal circumstances, such as activities, finances, and state of health, including such issues as HIV status or pregnancy. Protection of a victim’s data should apply equally to the victim’s country of destination and country of origin. (NRM Handbook, p 93)