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OSCE

OSCE Commitments on NHRIs
In the 1990 Copenhagen Document, OSCE participating States have committed themselves to “facilitate[ing] the establishment and strengthening of independent national institutions in the area of human rights and the rule of law”. Since then, this area of human rights protection has developed increasingly. 

Other OSCE commitments have also acknowledged the important role NHRIs increasingly play in the protection and promotion of human rights on the national level, namely the Bucharest Document of 2001 (Annex to the Decision on Combating Terrorism; The Bucharest Plan of Action for Combating Terrorism). In this document, ODIHR was tasked to continue to increase efforts to promote and assist in building democratic institutions, at the request of participating States, inter alia by helping to strengthen Ombudsman institutions.



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OSCE Commitments on NHRIs
In the 1990 Copenhagen Document, OSCE participating States have committed themselves to “facilitate[ing] the establishment and strengthening of independent national institutions in the area of human rights and the rule of law”. Since then, this area of human rights protection has developed increasingly. 

Other OSCE commitments have also acknowledged the important role NHRIs increasingly play in the protection and promotion of human rights on the national level, namely the Bucharest Document of 2001 (Annex to the Decision on Combating Terrorism; The Bucharest Plan of Action for Combating Terrorism). In this document, ODIHR was tasked to continue to increase efforts to promote and assist in building democratic institutions, at the request of participating States, inter alia by helping to strengthen Ombudsman institutions.

In the Maastricht Document of 2003 (Annex to Decision No. 3/03: Action Plan on Improving the Situation of Roma and Sinti within the OSCE Area), ODIHR was requested to provide, upon request, advice on how participating States’ existing mechanisms, including ombudsman offices, can alleviate tensions between Roma and Sinti and non-Roma communities.

The Annex to 2004 Sofia Ministerial Council Decision No.14/04 (2004 Action Plan for the Promotion of Gender Equality) recommended to participating States to establish and strengthen existing mechanisms for ensuring gender equality, inter alia by making available the services of an impartial and independent person or body, such as an Ombudsman/Human Rights Commissioner, to address gender related discrimination against individual citizens.

The 2007 Madrid Ministerial Council Decision No. 10/07 on tolerance and non-discrimination also encouraged participating States to establish national institutions or specialized bodies to combat intolerance and discrimination as well as to develop and implement national strategies and action plans in this field.

 


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