Status: de facto abolitionist
A moratorium on executions, announced by President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj in
January 2010, is in place. Mongolia has been a party to the Second Optional
Protocol to the ICCPR since March 2012.
Although abolished in practice, the death penalty is retained in the national law
of Mongolia. Along with a fine, forced labor, incarceration and imprisonment, it is
considered one of the possible punishments for criminal offences. The constitution
provides for the imposition of capital punishment by due judgment of the court for
the most serious crimes, as specified by Mongolian penal law.