Freedom of Association in Hungary
The Constitution of the Republic of Hungary of 1949, amended in 1989, guarantees the right to freedom of assembly and association. “Everyone has the right to establish organizations whose goals are not prohibited by law and everyone has the right to join such organizations”. A two-thirds majority of Members of Parliament present is required to pass a law on freedom of assembly and a law on the operational and financial management of political parties (Article 63 of the Constitution).
The Act on the Right of Association of 1989 (Act II of 1989; hereinafter: Association Law) is the primary law regulating freedom of association in Hungary. According to the Association Law, the right of association is a fundamental freedom. Hungary recognizes freedom of association and ensures its free exercise (Art 1). In this Act, the main focus is on civil society organizations. A civil society organization is a voluntarily-established self-governing organization formed for a purpose stated in its statute, having registered membership and organizing its members’ activity in furtherance of its purpose (Art 3.1).