Status: de facto abolitionist
In Kazakhstan, an indefinite moratorium on executions, issued by presidential
decree in December 2003, remains in place. The death penalty is retained in the
Constitution as an exceptional punishment for two types of crimes: acts of terrorism
resulting in death and grave crimes committed in time of war. The Constitution
grants the right to appeal for pardon to all persons sentenced to death. The
Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan specifies 18 offences that fall into the
two categories for which the Constitution allows the death penalty. During the
reporting period, no amendments were introduced in national legislation regulating
the application of the death penalty or the status of the moratorium on executions.
The authorities of Kazakhstan did not undertake any steps towards the full abolition
of capital punishment during this time.